Monday, December 15, 2014

Spending (Time) in Retirement

The December 1, 2014 Wall Street Journal (Encore Section, pg R3) had an interesting article about how people spend time in retirement. The implication was that time spent in retirement was different than time spent when working. That time utilization difference in retirement is intuitively obvious. What is not so obvious, however, is the financial impact of the time difference.
When we do a retirement plan, we assume that the individual/family spending needs will increase on an inflation adjusted basis until the end of the projection period. We do that knowing that, at some point, spending will start to decrease (barring catastrophic medical needs) as people age. The ability or desire to engage in expensive activities tends to decrease. Projections in such a plan are basically over estimating expenses and trying to match income to those expenses. This conservative planning is trying to ensure running out of “time” before running out of “money.”
The Journal article (from the Bureau of Labor Statistics data “How Retirees Spend Their Time: Helping Clients Set Realistic Income Goals,” Charlene M. Kalenkoski and Eakamon Oumtrakool) showed the following data: (Note-The original data measured weekday activities in average minutes per day for full time workers vs. retirees. We have converted the differences to a percent using the full time worker number as the base; thus a “+” percent means more time spent by the retiree than the full time worker in that activity).

Full Time Worker                                                                            Retiree
Sleeping                                                                                           +13%
Television/Movies                                                                         +130%
Socializing/Communicating with others                                   +42%
Reading for Personal Interest                                                     +269%

The study also found that retirees spent increased time in activities that were not exceedingly expensive (lawn/garden care, house cleaning, eating out less and preparing more meals at home).  In essence, although time spent may change dramatically in retirement, the change may not necessarily be significantly more expensive—especially as one ages.
We, at Paragon Financial Advisors, help our clients analyze the financial impact of retirement decisions; we’ll leave the time utilization to their desires. Paragon Financial Advisors is a fee-only registered investment advisory company located in College Station, Texas. We offer financial planning and investment management.

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